Every season, certain kinds of viruses and germs or insects thrive and survive, which causes illness. These illnesses are common infections that come and go. The most common ones being cold and chough, viral fever, sore throat, etc.
As parents it is essential for us to maintain our children’s immunity. As high immunity helps fight these illnesses better. Let’s look at some of the most common illnesses in summer and ways to combat them.
The most common summer illnesses in children are:
1. Dehydration: Children enjoy playing outdoors all around the year. During the summer children tend to get dehydrated if they are exposed to the heat for too long or if they do not have enough water. Children tend to lose a lot of water and salts in the form of sweat due to the weather. The best thing to do during the summer is to ensure children drink a lot of water and occasionally can add glucose powder. Add water-rich fruits and vegetables to their diet.
2. Heat Rashes: every child’s body reacts differently to different seasons. In the summer season some children suffer from heat rashes. Heat rashes occur when sweat ducts are blocked and swell up. Heat rashes can cause a lot of discomfort. In case your child is suffering from heat rashes make sure they bathe with cool water and then let them air dry instead of towelling off. Use calamine lotion or cool compresses to calm itchy, irritated skin.
3. Sun Burns: playing outdoors in broad daylight can cause skin burns especially if your child has sensitive skin. Sunburns are caused due to harmful UV rays of the sun. If your child steps out to play in the day make sure you use a child-friendly sunscreen lotion to avoid sunburns. Also, use a soothing moisturizer to cure a sunburn.
4. Food Poisoning: bacteria thrive in a warm and moist environment. Hence food poisoning and food-related infections increase during the summers. The best thing to avoid food-related infections is to give children home-cooked fresh food. Giving them street food, fast foods or food that has been kept for long can be risky.
5. Water-Borne Illnesses: there are various illnesses caused due to water that especially spread during the summer season like diarrhoea, dysentery, cholera. To avoid these illnesses it is recommended to use filtered water and boiled water. Boiling water kills germs that might be present in water. In addition to boiling water, one must also ensure it is stored in clean bottles/ containers/ flasks to avoid contamination.
These are some of the common illnesses that occur in the summer season. These are not illnesses that you need to fear. All you have to do is make sure you work on maintaining and building your child’s immune system. Most times they fight these illnesses without even showing any symptoms. In case your child does fall ill, do not panic, just follow the doctor’s instructions and make sure your child is comfortable and well cared for.