Illnesses are caused by various organisms — such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites. We are surrounded by the organisms and most are also not visible to the naked eye. They’re normally harmless however under certain conditions, these organisms can cause illnesses. Different organisms survive in different climates conditions.
In this article we look at some of the most common monsoon related illnesses in children –
1. Common cold and flu: The wet and damp weather during the monsoons helps this virus to survive. This virus is contagious and they attack the nose and throat. The common symptoms of common cold and flu are stuffy or Most Common Monsoon Illness in Children runny nose, fever, throat irritation, or sore throat.
You need to work on increasing your child’s immunity to fight the virus. Make sure they are eating a balanced diet and well rested so that the recover quickly in case they catch a cold/ flu.
2. Viral Fever: Viral fever is an airborne disease. Each person’s body reacts differently to season change. And the viral fever is the most common illness during the monsoons. This illness is contagious and spreads through infected droplets in the air or by coming into physical contact with the infected person. Symptoms of viral fever are fatigue, chills, body aches, and fever.
3. Malaria: Malaria is a mosquito-borne illness. It is caused by Anopheles minimus a mosquito that breeds in the monsoon season. The symptoms of malaria are high fever with body aches and chills. Malaria can be cured by anti-malarial drugs prescribed by your doctor. To avoid malaria make sure there is no stagnant water around your house and avoid spending time in areas/ parks/ localities that experience water logging/ stagnant water as these are breeding grounds for mosquitoes.
4. Dengue: This is another serious mosquito-borne illness; this viral infection is spread by the Aedes Aegypti mosquito which typically bites early in the morning or at dawn. These species are also known to spread the chikungunya virus. Symptoms of Dengue fever are fever, body aches, joint pain, and rash. There is no drug available to cure Dengue. In case of a mild infection, doctors prescribe paracetamol to control the fever and suggest rest and to keep the body hydrated. It is advisable to use a mosquito repellent if there are mosquitoes around your house.
5. Cholera: This is a waterborne illness that is caused due to contaminated water or food. Hygiene and sanitization play a major role in avoiding cholera. The symptoms of cholera are severe loose motions with stomach cramps.
6. Leptospirosis: Leptospirosis is caused by bacteria called Leptospira this illness is also known as Weil’s Syndrome, the cause of leptospirosis is the consumption of contaminated water or contact with dirty water during the monsoons. The symptoms of leptospirosis are fever accompanied by shivers, muscle pain, headache. During the monsoon season avoid wading through water and if you have cuts or bruises, ensure they are bandaged thoroughly to avoid getting in contact with contaminated water.
7. Gastroenteritis: Gastroenteritis or food poisoning is common during the monsoon season; high humidity helps in the growth of this disease-causing bacteria. The general symptoms of gastroenteritis are stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhoea. If you have a weak stomach it is advisable to avoid eating outside food and raw vegetables.
Of all the seasons the monsoon seasons causes the maximum havoc in terms of spreading common illnesses. The humidity and wet nature of the season help different organisms breed. The general precautions to take during the monsoon season to avoid your child falling sick during the monsoons are to avoid eating outside food or food stored for too long (among a few). Have warm filtered water and avoiding spending time in wet / damp clothes in case one gets wet is the another measure to avoid falling ill.